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Ban the Box Legislation

State Sen. Chip Shields
June 11, 2015
PRESS RELEASE

Media contact: Amanda Hess, Chief Advisor
503-986-1722
Sen.ChipShields@state.or.us
http://www.leg.state.or.us/shieldsc/news.htm
“Ban the Box” receives bipartisan Senate approval
HB 3025 will help those with prior arrests or convictions seek employment

SALEM – The Senate approved “ban the box” legislation this morning on a bipartisan vote of 21-8. House Bill 3025 establishes an unlawful employment practice that bans employers from excluding consideration of a job applicant from an initial interview solely because of a past criminal conviction, as long as the applicant has served all the terms of their conviction. The bill clarifies that it does not prevent an employer from considering an applicant’s criminal history in making their hiring decisions.

“When a person who has criminal record can’t gain access to employment, they have to rely on their family or the state in order to survive, and all too often they resort back to crime,” said Sen. Chip Shields (D-Portland), who helped carry the bill to passage and started a nonprofit in North Portland dedicated to helping people turn their lives around and find employment after incarceration. “I have seen the look of defeat and hopelessness associated with having to check the application box asking about criminal history. This bill will give the applicant the opportunity to explain their history and who they are today.”

Upon release from incarceration, ex-offenders are expected to reintegrate into society through a number of means, including securing gainful employment. However, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin, does not prohibit discrimination on the basis of criminal history. However, many individuals released after serving their time are unable to even get an interview, let alone find a job, because of their conviction.

“Banning the ‘box’ will help Oregonians who have served their time reintegrate into society and break the cycles of criminal violence that are far too common,” said Senator Michael Dembrow (D-Portland), chair of the Senate Workforce Committee and the co-carrier of the bill along with Sen. Jackie Winters (R-Salem). “We know that people of color are disproportionately caught up in our criminal justice system, and thus are disproportionately harmed by employers’ criminal background check procedures. House Bill 3025 is a modest step toward remedying the long-term consequences of a criminal justice system that disproportionately harms communities of color.”
HB 3025 creates exceptions for employers who are subject to federal, state or local laws that require consideration of applicant’s criminal history; for law enforcement agencies; for employers in the criminal justice system; and for employers seeking nonemployee volunteers. Enforcement authority for HB 3025 will reside within the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries.

Once signed into law, Oregon will join a growing number of states and municipalities taking action on policies that restrict job opportunities for persons with criminal histories. As of November of 2014, 13 states and 70 cities had adopted some form of “ban the box” legislation over the prior four years.

HB 3025 will now go to the House of Representatives for concurrence.
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